4 Reasons Why Horses Eat Poop - And What You Can Do About It!
To humans, it is disgusting when animals (such as dogs and horses) eat poop – whether it be their own or another animal’s feces. Coprophagy (kopros from the Greek for feces, and phagein which is Greek for eating) is not the same as pica that is eating dirt, twigs, sand, and other non-foods.
Some foals, from when they are born until when about they are 2 months old, do eat their own or their mother’s (the mare’s) manure. Veterinarians have a variety of reasons for why this occurs. It could be that foals eat manure to get “good bacteria” to help them digest food; or it could be because they need to ingest eggs of parasites to help start their immune system; or, the foal could be testing out what they do and don’t like to eat. Some veterinarians recommend that you add a probiotic to your filly or colt’s food to help them build good bacteria.
Why They Are Eating It?
So why do horses eat poop? Horses are meant to eat – to graze – all day long every single day. As domesticated animals, we tend to keep our horses in stalls that allow them to move around and lay down, but it does not provide them with large outdoor space needed to move and eat freely. Horses that are bored or hungry may try to satisfy these feelings by either eating their poop or cribbing on wood. Eating manure may also be a sign of a nutrient deficiency.
How Do You Stop It?
So, how do you stop this behavior? First, work with an equine nutritionist or a veterinarian who has this expertise to determine what, if any, nutrients are missing from your horse’s diet (minerals, vitamins, proteins, or something else). By going through this process you will be able to determine if your horse’s current diet is sufficient or requires adjusting. Your horse’s age and activity level, in addition to its current diet, will be a part of this process.
There are several other activities that must become a regular part of horse care once your horse is eating the right diet.
- Note that a horse’s diet needs to be supplemented with grain and the appropriate nutrients in addition to a diet of grass and hay.
- Make sure horse is on a regular worming schedule. Work with your veterinarian to set-up and maintain the schedule.
- You also want to have an equine dentist check and float your horse’s teeth once or twice a year. Floating involves taking a rasp designed to file down teeth so that they have smooth surfaces. This allows the horse to grind their food properly, getting the most nutrients out of what they eat. A dental check will also determine if your horse requires any teeth that need to be pulled.
- Keep a mineral salt block available at all times in your horse’s stall and/or out in the corral or pasture where they spend most of their time. Salt blocks are made from different types of minerals and are available in different sizes. There are salt blocks you can hang in your horse’s stall and large salt blocks you can place on the ground in the pasture or corral.
- Keep stalls, run-outs, corrals, arenas, and any area where your horse spends time clean from manure. Daily cleaning of stalls is a necessity. It is also a good idea to have a muck bucket and pitchfork with closely aligned tines handy at all times, such as in the grooming stall, near stalls, and in the corner of the arena, corral, and pasture.
- Provide your horse hay at all times. Even hanging hay in a hay net directly outside your horse’s stall door helps feeding and allows your horse to see what is going on around them.
- Feed horses several times throughout the day, not just two times a day. Horses need to have food in their digestive system at all times, so it is better to feed them several times throughout the day.
- Clean water must be available to your horse at all times. It is very important to check your horse’s water supply several times a day to make that they have not pooped in their bucket, that the water is not dirty, that they have water, and that the water is not frozen.
- Horses thrive on routine, so make sure to feed, train, and turn out your horse the same time every day.
- Like being trapped in a cell, horses that live in stalls need to get out on pasture as well as get plenty of exercise. Being confined in a stall too long may result in your horse exhibiting behaviors such as weaving (moving from side-to-side) or eating manure from stress. Exercising, grazing outdoors, and eating a balanced diet significantly reduces coprophagy.
Common additions that are added to a horse’s diet, once it is determined what is missing in your horse’s diet, are adding multi-vitamin and/or mineral supplements, and/or fortified grain. The veterinarian may suggest adding a probiotic to their diet to help them add good bacteria into their digestive tract again.
To address the issue of overweight horses who eat manure, attach a “slow feeder” to their halter. This allows them to eat, but to eat at a much slower rate. If a horse is underweight or overweight, is lethargic, or behaving in ways that are not normal for them, you need to have them examined by a veterinarian.